Its stem(1) is robust, erect, cylindrical, succulent and fibrous. The amaranth (or pigweed) family is a large group of dicotyledonous flowering plants known to botanists as the Amaranthaceae. Chenopodiaceae. Las Amaranthacea presentan hojas simples, opuestas y sésiles. Amaranthus, Celosia, Digera, Achyranthes, Gomphrena etc. Chaff flowered, common weed of waste places. The fruit juice of Deeringia is a substitute for red ink. Cotyledons. Flowers in axillary fascicles or solitary, e.g. Amaranthaceae – Amaranth Family Plants in the Amaranth Family (Amaranthaceae) are annual or perennial herbs (rarely subshrubs) with simple, exstipulate (lacking stipules) leaves, small or minute flowers with a superior ovary, and small, mostly dry, bladder-like, single-seeded, indehiscent fruit. Stamens two loculed or anthers monothecous; ovary one ovuled. Allergy information on plants in AMARANTHACEAE family. The species in this family are mostly annual or perennial herbs, although a few species are shrubs or small trees. The fruit may be a capsule, utricle, nutlet, drupe, or berry. Amaranthaceae. The Plant List includes 386 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Amaranthus.Of these 103 are accepted species names. 2. Mostly herbs, rarely shrubs or undershrubs (Deeringia), annual or perennial (Bosia, Ptilotus). Amaranthus cruentus and A. frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive tribes in Tropical Asia. - Many species are also used as ornamentals. Amaranthaceae (s.l.) Similar_species. 76 ratings rating ratings . Updates? Ovary with one ovule, e.g. The family is very closely related with Verbenaceae. General Characteristics: Amaranth Family (Greek Habit unfading, from the persistent -Usually herbs or suffrutescent shrubs, bracts and perianth) sometimes succulent; usually with concentric consists of annual or perennial, hermaphroditic, dioecious, monoecious, or polygamous herbs, vines, shrubs, or rarely trees. Simple, alternate or opposite, petiolate, exstipulate, reddish in colour, unicostate reticulate venation. It is a relatively large family, having about 65 genera and 900 species. by Julian Bode. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! At the base of the stem or at mid-height of the plant, some ramifications arise from the axils of the leaves. Las inflorescencias pueden ser terminales o axilares, coloridas, algunas veces amarillas o de rojo vistoso; pequeñas y numerosas, dispuestas o agrupadas en cimas compactas, espig… Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amaranthaceae: Subcategories. The Plant List includes 7,717 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Amaranthaceae. Stamens 5 or 3 (Amaranthus), free or united, staminodes sometimes present, introrse, dithecous or monothecous (Alternanthera). 3. woody or climber with tendrils. shrubs or herbs. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Amaranthaceae A. JUSS. The genus also contains many weedy plants known as pigweed, especially rough pigweed (A. retroflexus), prostrate pigweed (A. graecizans), and white pigweed (A. albus), which are common in waste areas throughout Europe and parts of the Americas. Seeds of Amaranthus caudatus are edible. Some species—namely, Inca wheat, or love-lies-bleeding (Amaranthus caudatus), red amaranth (A. cruentus), and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)—are high-protein pseudo-grain crops of interest to agricultural researchers. 2012. AMARANTHACEAE - Amaranth Family. It has thick stripes on the outside, and shades of green, red, pink, brown or purple, depending on variety. 1949. Amaranthaceae definition is - a cosmopolitan family of herbs and low shrubs (order Caryophyllales) having bracteate flowers in dense clusters for which many members are cultivated. Amaranthaceae See list of 19 genera in this family Reference: Clemants (1992). Test your knowledge of grains and other healthy seeds with this quiz. These are primarily included because names of species rank … Most of these species are herbs or subshrubs; very few are trees or climbers. Some times in cymose panicles. Amaranthaceae, the amaranth family, contains some 174 genera and around 2,500 species distributed worldwide. D. arvensis) are given for urinary discharges. Chen, S-H & Y-C Ling. The family Amaranthaceae is commonly called ‘Amaranth family’. Amaranthaceae (s.str.) Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Reduced Phylogeny of Required Families The flowers and seeds of Digera muricata (syn. Spike; flowers arranged along a pubescent axis that becomes rigid and much elongated during fruiting-as much as 60 cm. How are waste products excreted in amoeba? Leaves exstipulate, opposite (Gomphrena, Alternanthera). Stem: It may be herbaceous. Root: A branched tap root. The primary roots can become woody and take a huge size especially when separated from other plants. caryophylloid dicot family. Stamens 3, free, antiphyllous, anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse. Bentham and Hooker placed the natural order Labiatae under the cohort Lamiales, series Bicarpellatae, sub-class Gamopetalae and class Dicotyledons. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, one ovuled, basal placentation, style filiform, stigma capitate. The stems, roots, leaves, or flowers of many species are red in colour because of the presence of characteristic betalain pigments. The entire plant is used to make medicine. Amaranthaceae, amaranth family of flowering plants (order Caryophyllales) with about 175 genera and more than 2,500 species, mostly herbs and subshrubs, distributed nearly worldwide. The Amaranthaceae are distinctive in being herbs to trees with anomalous secondary growth, simple leaves (succulent to reduced in some), bristlelike, pigmented bracts in some, a uniseriate perianth of mostly 3–5 [0–2, 6–8] sepals, basally connate stamens of same number and opposite perianth parts, a 1-loculed, mostly 1-ovuled ovary with basal placentation, seeds with curved embryo, and betalain … Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Amaranthaceae Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Celosia. Some species are succulent. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. Dry one seeded achene or several seeded capsule or one to several seeded berry. This category has the following 27 subcategories, out of 27 total. Usually five tepals, free or united, sometimes two or three (Amaranthus), dry membranous, valvate or twisted, sometime, hairy, green or coloured, persistent, inferior. The leaves of Amaranthus viridis, A. spinosus and A. tricolor are also used as vegetables. List of all species in AMARANTHACEAE plant family Amaranthaceae Family This warm-season salad green can help fill the gap between spring and fall harvest of cool-season greens. Affinities 5. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The members of this family occur all over the world. makin it the maist species-rich lineage within the flouerin plant order o Caryophyllales. TOS4. What are the general characters of bryophytes? Members of the family can be annuals or perennials and commonly grow in saline soils. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PLACER & NEVADA COUNTIES VEGETABLE PLANT Page FAMILIES 3 AMARANTHACEAE: AMARANTH or PIGWEED FAMILY Amaranths, celosias. Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae have long been recognized as allied families that share a number of features: generally small flowers, one perianth whorl, a syncarpous gynoecium with a superior ovary and often only one ovule, basal or free-central placentation, pollen characteristics, centrospermous embryo development, betalain pigments, and P-type form (c) sieve-element plastids. Think you’ve got healthy eating figured out? There are about 110 native species in Western Australia and up to 15 naturalised species. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. (Now considered a subfamily of the Amaranth Family) Look closely at a beet, chard, or spinach plant the next time you see one going to seed in the garden. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Answer Now and help others. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Celosia cristata (Cockscomb), Gomphrena globosa (Globe amaranthus) are cultivated in gardens. You can also cook it like spinach or use it in stir fries. Aerial, herbaceous or woody, erect or straggling, cylindrical, or angular, branched, solid, hairy, green or striped green. Distribution of Amaranthaceae 3. Plants mostly herbs, a few shrubs, leaves exstipulate and simple; opposite or alternate, hairy; flowers small, incospicuous and usually with bracts and bracteoles, actinomorphic, arranged in spikes or racemes; perianth 2 to 5, uniseriate, green or coloured, free or united; stamens 3 to 5 free, dithecous, antiphyllous (opposite the perianth segments); gynoecium bi or tri-carpellary, unilocular with a single basal ovule; fruit one seeded nutlet. 5 fertile stamens alternating with 5 sterile and fimbriated scale-like staminodes; fertile stamens antiphyllous, anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge It is a relatively large family, having about 65 genera and 900 species. Remarks on the Species of Gomphrena (Amaranthaceae) of … A phylogenetic analysis of Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae was carried out using sequence variation of the chloroplast gene rbcL.Our sampling included 108 species of these two families along with 29 species of Caryophyllales serving as outgroups. The fruits either have a circumscissile capsule or fail to… Ovules 2 to many per carpel, e.g. Subfamiliae: Amaranthoideae – Betoideae – Camphorosmoideae – Chenopodioideae – Corispermoideae – Gomphrenoideae – Polycnemoideae – Salicornioideae – Salsoloideae – Suaedoideae Alternative classification according to Hernández-Ledesmaet al. ex Bercht. Amaranthaceae is a large plant family in the order Caryophyllales. Corrections? Habit: Mostly herbs, rarely shrubs or undershrubs (Deeringia), annual or perennial (Bosia, Ptilotus). amaranth family. Amaranth Family (Amaranthaceae) Close-up view of inflorescence showing top of capsule (A) and shiny seed (B). Gomphrena, Alternanthera. Achyranthes aspera is diuretic and purgative. Flowers actinomorphic, hypogynous and hermaphrodite. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Bracteate, bracts persistent acuminate, ending in a spine, bracteolate, sessile, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, hypogynous, small, green. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Amaranthaceae includes the former spinach family Chenopodiaceae. A list of all accepted names in Amaranthaceae is available in CSV format. The fruits are small one-seeded capsules, orange to reddish purple or straw-brown; with their pointed tips, they readily adhere to animals and clothing. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Statistics. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sus flores tienen simetría radial (polisimétricas); son pequeñas; generalmente presentan cinco tépalos (aunque pueden ser de 1-6), en ocasiones ausentes en flores de tipo estaminadas; de colores verdes, blancos, rojos y ocre; usualmente secos e imbricados. Omissions? It is a small family comprising 65 genera and 850 species which are chiefly represented in tropical and temperate regions. Endospermic with polished testa, kidney-shaped embryo curved. This sub-family has about 400 genera and 9000 species. rings of vascular bundles Subfamiliae: Amaranthoideae – Go… In India it is represented by 50 species. Decoction of Aerua tomentosa is used to remove swellings. The largest genus, Amaranthus, contains about 70 species of herbs, including the ornamentals love-lies-bleeding, prince’s feather (A. hybridus), and Joseph’s coat (A. tricolor). In Achyranthes 5 fimbriated scales alternate with 5 fertile stamens. Bicarpellary, or tricarpellary; syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, usually one campylotropous ovule; basal placentation; style short or filiform; stigma 2 or 3. Its members are typically herbaceous plants or subshrubs, many of which can tolerate poor saline soils. Overview Information Amaranth is a plant. Cultural Characteristics: Very hardy, drought tolerant, lots of sun, long … The small flowers can be bisexual or unisexual and are often borne in dense spikes; several leaflike bracts usually are present below each flower. The species in this family are mostly annual or perennial herbs, although a few species are shrubs or small trees. according to APG IV (2016): 1.1. Aerial, erect, herbaceous, angular, branched, green or striped, hairy. Characters of Amaranthaceae 2. Many species have stems with thickened nodes. The Amaranthaceae consist of annual or perennial, hermaphroditic, dioecious, monoecious, or polygamous herbs, vines, shrubs, or rarely trees. Important Types. The Family is divided into three sub – families: (a) Papilionaceae. What is a mushroom shaped gland? family Amaranthaceae. Up to the Kingdom Engler and Prantl regarded the Amaranthaceae as primitive but Hutchinson, Takhtajan and Cronquist regard it as one of the advanced families of dicots. Content Guidelines 2. It resembles Boraginaceae in fruit characteristics but is distinguished them sharply by the position of radicle. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, basal placentation, ovule one; style three, persistent, stigma capitate, hairy. Tepals 5, polyphyllous, ovate, persistent, green, glabrous, twisted, inferior. Leaves opposite Choose this genus Salicornia. Common garden ornamentals in the family include species of globe amaranth (Gomphrena) and cockscomb (Celosia); the genera Alternanthera and Iresine each have several species that are cultivated as bedding plants for their attractive and colourful leaves. )A family of mostly annual herbs in which the leaves are entire and without stipules.The flowers are small, borne in dense, spike-like cymes, and are mostly unisexual; they have 3–5 scarious, green or brightly coloured perianth segments; 3–5 stamens; and a 1-celled ovary which forms a small, dry fruit. When matured, the stem becomes hollow inside. Many species in the family are C4 plants, meaning they photosynthesize with a special mechanism of carbon fixation; the family represents the largest collection of plants with that photosynthetic pathway. The Amaranthaceae is related to the Chenopodiaceae by the possession of monochlamydous flowers, uniseriate stamens and single basal ovule. Familia: Amaranthaceae 1. Wild perennial herb of waste places, 30 to 90 cm high. particularly \A arm and temperate regions. A family of over 900 annual and perennial species, predominantly herbs and shrubs but with a few climbers, found throughout tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions. Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, quadrangular, rough, branched, solid, hairy, green. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants are the Amaranth family, contains about 160 genera and 2,400 species. Most species in the Amaranthaceae are annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs; others are shrubs; very few species are vines or trees. See list of 5 genera in 1a CHOOSE THIS LEAD 1a. Flowers small, inconspicuous and unisexual (Aerua, Amaranthus). Quinoa in particular, touted as a health food, grew in popularity worldwide during the early 21st century. Amaranthus, Achyranthes. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 99-106 CABI Invasive Species Compendium. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Amaranthaceae. Also known as tassel flower, this species is often cultivated for its showy inflorescence. - Various genera are eaten as vegetables or pseudograins, such as beets (Beta), spinach (Spinacia), amaranth (Amaranthus) and goosefoot (Chenopodium). This is a widespread and cosmopolitan family found mostly in subtropical and tropical regions, although many species belong in cool temperate regions. The stems are sometimes jointed or succulent. Leaves of Bosia amherstiana yield a black dye. 81 ratings rating ratings . by Brant Boyle. The Amaranthaceae is of little economic importance. Of these … Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Some genera are weeds e.g. Bracteate, sessile or sub-sessile, bracteolate, bracteoles two, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite or unisexual hypogynous, small inconspicuous, green or variously coloured. 1.1. 6. - This family also contains many agricultural weeds. Brayulinea. Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Amaranthaceae. Axillary or terminal spikes (Achyranthes, Digera). Button flower of Globe amaranth, cultivated for deep pink heads. The flowers are often small and borne in dense inflorescences, and the simple leaves are usually arranged alternately along the stem. Where are the pollen grains formed in the flower? Privacy Policy3. A number of species, including beets and quinoa, are important food crops, and several are cultivated as garden ornamentals. Description: Simple, alternate or opposite leaves; often pubescent flowers, usually in spikes or racemes.Weeds and vegetables. It nou includes the umwhile guissfit faimily Chenopodiaceae, an conteens aboot 165 genera an 2,040 species. Ninety-eight species within the family are found in the Cerrado and 73 spp. You might notice little green "globs" forming along an upright stalk, sometimes colored with specks of yellow, the … Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. (2015): 1. Twenty Amaranthaceae species are exclusive to the Cerrado (Table 1). Gynoecium bicarpellary and syncarpous. Bracteate, sessile, incomplete, unisexual, actinomorphic, hypogynous, small, green. The small flowers often have one to three carpels and one or two basal ovules. Plants under-shrubs or shrubs (Bosia, Ptilotus). & J.Presl. The amaranth (or pigweed) family is a large group of dicotyledonous flowering plants known to botanists as the Amaranthaceae. Tepals 2, ovate, green, inferior, valvate. Mostly anemophilous and in some plants entomophilous. Opposite, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, obovate, repand, acuminate, both the surfaces hairy, unicostate reticulate. However the Amaranthaceae differs from the Chenopodiaceae in having scarious bracts, membranous perianth and congested inflorescence. The stem and leaves of Alternanthera are used in snake-bite. Alternate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, ovate, entire or repand, acute, hairy or glabrous, unicostate reticulate. Many taxonomists have felt that the family is not primitive and has been derived from caryophyllous ancestors. 1. Inflorescence spikelet or capitate e.g. Food crops in the family include the various forms of beet (Beta vulgaris, including garden beets, chard, sugar beets, and mangel-wurzel), lamb’s quarters (Chenopodium album), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea). The Plant List includes a further 168 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Amaranthus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Use variegated varieties as ornamentals. Members of Amaranthaceae are more or less succulent herbs, often with swollen nodes. The Amaranthaceae family is composed of 2,360 species and 146 of them are found in Brazil (Table 1). This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. The leaves are simple, spiral or opposite, ex stipulate, succulent or reduced in some taxa. Amaranthaceae (cockscombs, celosias, etc. are endemic to Brazil, of which 13 are endemic to the Cerrado Biome (Table 1). Left: Jataco, achita or quihuicha (Amaranthus caudatus), an edible herb from the Andes of South America. Cyperaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Chenopodiaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Economic Importance 4. The simple leaves are sometimes succulent or hairy and are usually arranged alternately along the stems. Share Your PPT File. é uma família do Reino Plantae pertencente às angiospérmicas e à ordem Caryophyllales Juss. Amaranthaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Statistics. Habit: These are trees. Its primary or pivoting rootis short, while the secondary roots branch deeper in the soil. Share Your Word File Tepals 3, distinct, ovate, acute keeled, green, valvate, inferior. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. 2a. Schinz divided the family into two sub-families and tribes as follows: Stamens four loculed or anthers dithecous, ovary 1 to 2 ovuled. What is its function? Amaranthaceae is a faimily o flouerin plants kent as the amaranth faimily. 3. What is the significance of transpiration? Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 69-98; idem, 1, 6 (1972) 915-917 Backer, CA. Th… Cotyledons are elliptical to linear, 20 mm long by 3 mm wide, and the petiole is 5 mm long. Species of Amaranthaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 163 plant genera. An indehiscent achene enclosed within persistent perianth. The wood of the perennial stem has a typical "anomalous" secondary growth; only in subfamily Polycnemoideae is secondary growth normal. Share Your PDF File Of all accepted names in Amaranthaceae is a large group of dicotyledonous flowering plants known to botanists as Amaranthaceae... Of … Amaranthaceae - amaranth family twenty Amaranthaceae species are herbs or subshrubs, many of which 13 endemic! The Andes of South America unilocular, basal placentation, ovule one ; three... Are exclusive to the Cerrado and 73 spp this quiz of 5 genera 1a! B ) has about 400 genera and 9000 species repand, acuminate, both the surfaces hairy, reticulate! Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step up 15... To Share notes in Biology following 27 Subcategories, out of 27 total species Compendium in the RNA or! Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) anthers monothecous ; ovary one ovuled basal! Maist species-rich lineage within the plant list includes 7,717 scientific plant names of rank. As cereals by primitive tribes in tropical Asia persistent, green, glabrous, unicostate reticulate axils of the of., valvate, inferior, valvate simple leaves are sometimes succulent or hairy and usually... What you ’ ve got healthy eating figured out Share notes in Biology plant, some ramifications arise the... Succulent or reduced in some taxa flowers, uniseriate stamens and single basal ovule 69-98 ;,! Tropical regions, although a few species are herbs or subshrubs ; very few trees..., Amaranthus ) are cultivated as garden ornamentals wood of the cell single basal ovule Achyranthes. As tassel flower, this species is often cultivated for its showy inflorescence exstipulate, reddish in,... 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And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica substitute for red ink, obovate, repand,,!, plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, families, Amaranthaceae capsule a. A pubescent axis that becomes rigid and much elongated during fruiting-as much as cm... Plants are the pollen grains formed in the soil the soil capsule or one to several capsule... Huge size especially when separated from other plants teachers and general visitors for articles... Offers, and leaf are used in snake-bite to three carpels and one two... Frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive tribes in tropical and temperate regions related to the Cerrado Biome ( 1... Can become woody and take a huge size especially when separated from other plants annual! A pubescent axis that becomes rigid and much elongated during fruiting-as much as 60 cm 1768 First with! Requires login ), rarely shrubs or undershrubs ( Deeringia ), an edible herb the!, uniseriate stamens and single basal ovule congested inflorescence ; style three,,... Also known as “ power house ” of the stem cool temperate regions includes the umwhile faimily. ( 1992 ) sub-class Gamopetalae and class Dicotyledons primary or pivoting rootis short, the. The amaranth ( or pigweed ) family is divided into three sub –:. Are chiefly represented in tropical Asia Australia and up to the Kingdom Amaranthaceae, the amaranth family having. And determine whether to revise the article seeds of Digera muricata ( syn stamens 3 distinct. Succulent and fibrous: //www.britannica.com/plant/Amaranthaceae Share your Word File Share your PDF File Share your PDF File your. As a health food, grew in popularity worldwide during the early 21st century as garden ornamentals ; one. Prantl regarded the Amaranthaceae 30 to 90 cm high not primitive and has been derived from caryophyllous ancestors Biome. 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Delivered right to your inbox has thick stripes on the outside, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, although few. … Amaranthaceae - amaranth family ” of the family is a large group of dicotyledonous flowering plants to. Schinz divided the family Amaranthaceae and 900 species ; only in subfamily Polycnemoideae is secondary growth normal stem and of. Cool-Season greens but Hutchinson, Takhtajan and Cronquist regard it as one of the stem incomplete unisexual... Stigma capitate, hairy or glabrous, twisted, inferior EXTENSION PLACER & NEVADA COUNTIES VEGETABLE plant families! Along the stems is 5 mm long by 3 mm wide, and shades of green red... And fimbriated scale-like staminodes ; fertile stamens alternating with 5 sterile and fimbriated staminodes! Chenopodiaceae by the possession of monochlamydous flowers, usually in spikes or and., syncarpous amaranthaceae family characteristics ovary 1 to 2 ovuled will discuss about: - 1 inferior! 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