However, several of Kazakhstan’s sixteen top-level administrative divisions (called oblasts ) are still over 40% Slavic, as are many more of the lower-level divisions called rayons ( … Pianciola, N. (2001). Women currently hold 27 percent of the seats in the Mazhilis and less than 11 percent of the seats in the Senate. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In The United States, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Ethnic groups of Kazakhstan . Russian advancement into the territory of Kazakhstan began in the late 18th century, when the Kazakhs nominally accepted Russian rule in exchange for protection against repeated attacks by the western Mongolian Kalmyks. … Non-Muslim ethnic minorities departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s and a national program has repatriated about a million ethnic Kazakhs (from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang region of China) back to Kazakhstan. Kazakhs make the largest part (58.9 percent) of the population in Kazakhstan, where “more than 100 ethnic groups live in peace”, according to the government. Asian Ethnicity, 5(1), 61–79. The downward trend continued through 2002, when the estimated population bottomed out at 14.9 million, and then resumed its growth. Kazakhstan, largest country in Central Asia. Islam was introduced later when Islam missionaries entered Central Asia. Russian advancement into the territory of Kazakhstan began in the late 18th century, when the Kazakhs nominally accepted Russian rule in exchange for protection against repeated attacks by the western Mongolian Kalmyks. Kazakhstan is a Kremlin ally, but Moscow’s aggressive rhetoric rattles nerves in a country with an ethnic Russian minority of 21 percent nationwide. Ethnic Kazakhs are 63.1% of the population and ethnic Russians in Kazakhstan are 23.7%. Kazakhs including other ethnic groups of Muslim background make up over 90 per cent of all Muslims. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Other groups include Tatars (1.3%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uzbeks (2.8%), … Berkeley: University of California Press. As a result of this shift, the ethnic Kazakh share of the population now exceeds two-thirds. Armenians are mostly Christians, predominantly of the Apostolic Church religion. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. Kazakhstan population density. According to the 2009 census, the ethnic composition of Kazakhstan is approximately: 63.1% Kazakh, 23.7% Russian, 2.9% Uzbek, 2.1% Ukrainian, 1.4% Uyghur, 1.3% Tatar, 1.1% German, 1% Kyrgyz, and <1% Korean, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Dungan, Kurd, Tajik, Pole, Chechen. It is bounded on the north by Russia, on the east by China, on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, the Aral Sea, and Turkmenistan, and on the southwest by the Caspian Sea. Kazakh ethnicity is based on a compilation of Turkic and Mongol tribes that settled in the region around the 13th century. However, this was still a rather diverse group, and they didn't really consider themselves to be one peopl… Physically Kazakhs belong to same race as Vietnamese, Mongolian, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans. Syria’s population was estimated at 20.8 million (World Bank,2011) and was growing at an estimated rate of 2.4 percent in 2004. More . Since they are the majority ethnic group, they have been able to occupy the conflicted region of Artsakh. Large communities can also be found in Mongolia, Ukraine and Russia. Ethnic Russians form a majority in some northern towns along Kazakhstan’s long border with Russia, where Astana has a close eye on the delicate ethnic balance. Non-Muslim ethnic minorities departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s and a national program has repatriated about a million ethnic Kazakhs (from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang region of China) back to Kazakhstan. With cohesive culture and national identity, they constituted absolute majority on the land until Russian colonization. Zardykhan, Z. Retrieved from. According to the 1926 census, there were only 51,102 Germans in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan, officially referred to as the Republic of Kazakhstan is a transcontinental county located in Central Asia and extends to parts of Eastern Europe. [8] Significant numbers of Russians returned to Russia. In … The Kazakhs. Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10% Guinea … The wolf, bear, and snow leopard, as well as the commercially important ermine and sable, are found in the hills. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. The Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group in Kazakhstan with an estimated population of 11 million people as of 2007. [30], According to the 2009 census, the ethnic composition of Kazakhstan is approximately: 63.1% Kazakh, 23.7% Russian, 2.9% Uzbek, 2.1% Ukrainian, 1.4% Uyghur, 1.3% Tatar, 1.1% German, 1% Kyrgyz, and <1% Korean, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Dungan, Kurdish, Tajik, Polish, Chechen.[31]. During collectivization, Kazakhs lost a greater percentage of their population due to famine than any other ethnic group. For a period of more than four thousand years, the Armenians have occupied the Armenian Highland. Russians of Kazakhstan together with other ethnic groups of the region suffered heavily during the Russian Civil War and Collectivisation in the USSR and endured repeated famines and unrest. The Kazakhs, a Turkic people, are the second largest Muslim people group of Central Asia. Official estimates indicate that the population continued to increase after 1989, peaking out at 17 million in 1993 and then declining to 15 million in the 1999 census. The Germans of Kazakhstan or German Kazakhstanis are a minority in Kazakhstan, and make up a small percentage of the population. ), January-September of 2019: 301,024 (21.7), January-September of 2019: 200,979 (14.5), This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:11. (2004). Note that a large percentage of the population are of mixed ethnicity. Kazakhstan population density is 6.9 people per square kilometer (18.0/mi 2) as of December 2020. [27][28] The first collectivized farms opened in Kazakhstan in 1921, populated primarily by Russians and Soviet deportees. The official languages in Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. Today, the Armenians have a population of approximately 3.5 million people. Many Afghans are bilingual. In times past, they may have been the most influential of the various Central Asian ethnic groups. Kazakhstan’s ethnic German population dropped sharply, from 946,900 people in 1989 to 353,400 in 1999. Most Christians in Kazakhstan are Eastern Orthodox, and to a lesser extent, Roman Catholic. Kazakhstan. The ancestors of the community belonged to Tengrism religion and later converted to Christianity. It therefore enjoys a mixture of cultures borrowed from Europe, Eastern and Western Asia. [29] Hundreds of thousands also fled to China, Iran and Afghanistan. Following censuses showed a growth until 1939, where numbers showed a decrease to 6,081 thousand relative to the previous census done 13 years earlier, due to famines of 1922 and 1933. Rate: Nominate. It is the largest landlocked country in the world covering approximately 1,052,100 square miles. Other minorities living in the country include Germans and Ukrainians. Create Account. Kazakhstan is a nation in Central Asia and the world's biggest landlocked area in terms of land area. Most of the Kazakhs live in Kazakhstan. The famine rendered Kazakhs a minority within Kazakhstan, and only after the republic gained independence in 1991 did Kazakhs recover a slim demographic majority within Kazakhstan. Okay, so what's that mean? Russians numbered 42.7%. Kazakhstan’s unusually diverse ethnic makeup (there are according to some official documents 106 ‘nationalities’) was partially due to it being a historical transit point for Central Asian groups moving west. The Czech people are the largest ethnic group in the country with its population accounting for 63.7% of the country’s population, translating to 6.7 million people. In The World Factbook 2013-14. People from the same ethnic origin can have similar genetics due to how people have evolved and migrated over the last 200,000 years. Births and deaths until 1979 are estimates. Find References in Wikipedia, Britannica, Columbia, Encyclopedia.com. The annual growth rate from 1990–2002 was 2.6 percent. "2017 жылдың басынан 2018 жылдың 1 қаңтарына дейінгі Қазақстан Республикасы халық санының өзгеруі туралы", Population dynamics and ethnic composition of Kazakhstan in the second half of the 20th century, "World DataBank>World Development Indicators", http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm#2001, "О демографической ситуации в Республике Казахстан", "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics", "Kazakhstan: Demographic and Health Survey, 1999 - Final Report, Chapter 4: Fertility", "ETHNIC DIFFERENTIATION OF FERTILITY IN KAZAKHSTAN", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", https://www.liportal.de/fileadmin/user_upload/oeffentlich/Kasachstan/40_gesellschaft/Kaz2009_Analytical_report.pdf, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html, "Äåìîñêîï Weekly - Ïðèëîæåíèå. Today they live mostly in the northeastern part of the country between the cities of Nur-Sultan and Oskemen, the majority being urban dwellers. Most Christians in Kazakhstan are Eastern Orthodox, and to a lesser extent, Roman Catholic. The country is located along historic trade routes, and those used by militaries during invasions, between Eastern Asia and Western Asia. Notes: Major Religions: Religion percentages are derived from summing Joshua Project's data for all people groups who live in each country.The number of individuals who practice each religion, by people group, are summed. Quiz by letzi. Islam took root and is now the predominant religion among the community members. The Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group in Kazakhstan with an estimated population of 11 million people as of 2007. In 1930, as part of the first Five Year Plan, the Kazakh Central Committee decreed the sedentarization of nomads and their incorporation into collectivized farms. Czech… However, they migrated into the various modern day settlements in the 20th century. Spice… Numbering nearly a million at the time of the Soviet dissolution, most have emigrated since then, usually to Germany or Russia. It was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union and became independent in … The attempt failed with critics arguing that this would erode the rich history of the community and the country as a whole. People Ethnic groups. Pierce, A. R. (1960) Russian Central Asia, 1867-1917: A study in colonial rule. Kazakhstan has very little wooded area, amounting to only about 3 percent of the territory. Last updated: July 29, 2020. Schreiber, Dagmar and Tredinnick, Jeremy. Roughly 3.5 million people died in Ukraine during the Ukrainian famine of 1931-33, and there are a number of striking similarities between the two disasters. Kazakhstan underwent significant urbanization during the first 50 years of the Soviet era, as the share of rural population declined from more than 90% in the 1920s to less than 50% since the 1970s.[9]. One of the most significant population groups in Kazakhstan in the twentieth century was the Germans deported during the war years. Major Ethnic Groups Of Kazakhstan Kazakhs. The history of the Uzbeks in the country can be traced back in the 13th century following the Mongol invasion in central Asia. Structure of the population (01.07.2008) (Estimates) : Total fertility rate by regions of Kazakhstan: Mangystau - 3.80, South Kazakhstan - 3.71, Kyzylorda - 3.42, Atyrau - 3.29, Jambyl - 3.20, Aqtobe - 2.70, Almaty (province) - 2.65, Almaty (city) - 2.65, City of Astana - 2.44, West Kazakhstan - 2.29, Aqmola - 2.19, East Kazakhstan - 2.07, Qaragandy - 2.04, Pavlodar - 1.98, North Kazakhstan - 1.72, Qostanay - 1.70, Republic of Kazakhstan - 2.65. British and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries: Guinea: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%: Guinea-Bissau: African 99% (includes Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%: Guyana Retrieved from, First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union, "Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Committee on statistics: Main socio-economic indicators". Other ethnic groups include the Uzbeks, Germans and Ukrainians. Fewer than one-fifth of the more than eight million ethnic Kazakhs live outside Kazakhstan, mainly in Uzbekistan and Russia.During the 19th century about 400,000 Russians flooded into Kazakhstan, and these were supplemented by about 1,000,000 Slavs, Germans, Jews, and others who immigrated to the region during the first third of the 20th century. The proportion of Kazakhs makes up 63.6%, Russians 23.7%, Uzbeks 2.9%, Ukrainians 2.1%, Uygur 1.4%, Tatars 1.3%, Germans 1.1%, others 3.9%. Czechs are also found in US, UK, Italy, Germany, and Canada. Blog. (1995). (2014). Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Kazakhstan divided by total area of the country. In the early 19thcentury, the Kazakhstan church was part of the Orthodox Church in Turkestan, but in 1945 it was divided into smaller dioceses where an Orthodox church was built in Almaty, Kazakhstan. They use the Kazakh language which is written in Cyrillic, but some Kazakhs living in China use an Arabic-derived alphabet. Some use the word Kazakh to refer to the Kazakh ethnic group and language (autochthonous to Kazakhstan as well as parts of Russia, China and Mongolia) and Kazakhstani to refer to Kazakhstan and its citizens regardless of ethnicity,[2][3] but it is common to use Kazakh in both senses.[4][5][6]. The decreasing nature of Kazakhstan's population (-.09 percent in 1999) is due, in part, to low birth-rates and mass emigration by non-Kazakhs, mainly Russians and Germans (Kazakhstan's net migration rate was -7.73 migrants per 1,000 people in 1999). This movement resulted in devastating famine, claiming the lives of an estimated 40% of ethnic Kazakhs (1.5 million), between 1930-33. The proportion of men makes up 48.3%, the proportion of women 51.7%. Home; Books; Search; Support. Most of its members belong to the Russians, Ukrainian, and the Belarusians ethnic groups. Login. In the 1890s, Russian peasants began to settle the fertile lands of northern Kazakhstan, causing many Kazakhs to move eastwards into Chinese territory in search of new grazing grounds. Most Uzbeks in Kazakhstan live in Chimkent Oblast which is in the southern parts of the country. The group was initially called the Bohemians because of their initial settlement in Bohemia during the late Iron Age. Central Intelligence Agency. Olcott, M. B. Traditionally ethnic Kazakhs are Sunni Muslims who mainly follow the Hanafi school. In 1918-1931 Basmachi Revolt affected areas of southern Kazakh SSR often taking a form of an ethnic conflict between Russian and Ukrainian farmers and native Muslim nomads. The legal ban on parties with an ethnic, religious, or gender focus—combined with the dominance of Nur Otan—limits the ability of women and minority groups to organize independently and advocate for their interests through the political system. Armenia was one of the first nations in the world to accept Ch… Guess which are the main ethnic groups in Kazakhstan. In fact, about 63% of Kazakhstani people identify as ethnically Kazakh. Official estimates put the population of Kazakhstan at 18,137,300 as of December 2017, of which 44% is rural and 56% urban population. Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). Thus it can be seen that fertility rate is higher in more traditionalist and religious south and west, and lower in the north and east, where the percentage of Slavic and German population is still relatively high. It is the most developed nation in Central Asia and generates close to 60% of the GDP of the region. The 1906 completion of the Trans-Aral Railway between Orenburg and Tashkent further facilitated Russian colonization. Many animals, including antelope and elk, inhabit the plains. Create / Edit Quiz. Ambassador Erlan A Idissov, Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the USA. The Russian army under the Soviet Union later invaded and colonized the country after defeating the Kazakhs who were at the time in the war with Kalmyks. They are the third-largest ethnic group in the country making them one of the largest minority groups. United States government sources, including the CIA World Fact Book and the US Census Bureau International Data Base, listed the population as 15,340,533,[12] while the World Bank gave a 2002 estimate of 14,858,948. In times past, they may have been the most influential of the various Central Asian ethnic groups. In 2010, the major Central Asian ethnic groups (Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz) together form 60 percent of the population. These estimates have been confirmed by the 2009 population census, and this means that the decline in population that began after 1989 has been arrested and reversed. Ethnicities are groups of people who tend to share common foods, religious practices, holidays, and so on. As recognized in the 1959 census, the Kazaks became a minority for the first time in history, comprising just 30% of the total population of Kazakhstan. Popular Category:Ethnic groups in Kazakhstan: | |Subcategories| |This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total.|... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Afghanistan is a country in the greater Middle East. Russians were first reported in the country in the 16th century as traders. Ñïðàâî÷íèê ñòàòèñòè÷åñêèõ ïîêàçàòåëåé", http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Documents/Перепись%20рус.pdf, Population and social policy, Statistical Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan (kaz, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Kazakhstan&oldid=992859753, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with dead external links from February 2017, Pages using bar box without float left or float right, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 7.9% (male 426,494/female 797,655) (2009 est. Christianity is the second largest religion in Kazakhstan, with 26.3% of the total population practicing it. Russians in Kazakhstan and demographic change: Imperial legacy and the Kazakh way of nation building. It suggests a growing population. An ethnicity is a group of people who have a common cultural background or a common national background. In the early 1990s, the majority of Russians opted to go back to Russia citing lack of economic opportunities in Kazakhstan. [20][21][22], According to the Kazakhstan Demographic and Health Survey in 1999, the TFR for Kazakhs was 2.5 and that for Russians was 1.38. In 1970, however, there were 858,077 Germans in Kazakhstan; in 1979, 900,207; and in 1989, 957,518. About 52 percent of the population was urban as of 2002, with a growth rate of 3.1 percent. en-1. Ethnic groups: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. MANY PEOPLE OFTEN MISTAKE CAUCASIAN PEOPLE IN KAZAKHSTAN AS ETHNIC KAZAKHS. Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group, followed by Russians who make up 23.7% of the population. There are others which do not belong to any of these aforementioned ethic groups, and collectively they make up 5% of the total population in the country. Kazakhstan's dominant ethnic group Kazakhs, traces its origin to 15th century, when a number of Turkic and some Mongol tribes united to establish the Kazakh Khanate. Less than 25% of the population of Kazakhstan is Russian Orthodox, traditionally including ethnic Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians. Nominated. Most of its members belong to the Russians, Ukrainian, and the Belarusians ethnic groups. TFR in 1989 for Kazakhs & Russians were 3.58 and 2.24 respectively. The ethnic diversity of Kazakhstan is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Guess which are the main ethnic groups in Kazakhstan. They use proverbs and common sayings in their daily conversation. Random. The Kazakhs developed a distinct ethnic identity in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. [23], Source: UN World Population Prospects[25], Kazakhstan's dominant ethnic group Kazakhs, traces its origin to 15th century, when a number of Turkic and some Mongol tribes united to establish the Kazakh Khanate. Islam is the most commonly practiced religion in Kazakhstan; it was introduced to the region during the 8th century by the Arabs. Fishermen take sturgeon, herring, and roach from the Caspian Sea. Kazakhstan’s ethnic composition has undergone a radical change over the first decade of its independence as a result of emigration of Russians and other Russian-speaking groups, mainly Germans. Exceeds two-thirds Kazakhs belong to the region during the war years Sea.. Kazakhstan Demographics of mixed ethnicity dropped. 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