The Treaty ended the state … The court of Versailles was the centre of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789 after the beginning of the French Revolution. As the centre of the French court, Versailles was one of the grandest theatres of European absolutism. Until Louis XIV’s time, the town of Versailles comprised but a few houses to the south of the present Place d’Armes. A castle was thus constructed in 1623 on the Versailles domaine to welcome the King when he wanted to hunt. Charles Le Brun oversaw the interior decoration. 1. a city in north central France near Paris; site of the Palace of Versailles that was built by Louis XIV in the 17th century 2. a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles Familiarity information: VERSAILLES used as a noun is rare. Some art historians criticized the Royal Gate as a modern interpretation of the original rather than a true restoration, but it served an undeniably valuable role in directing visitor traffic. Following a devastating winter storm in 1989, which destroyed more than 1,000 trees on the palace grounds, the French government initiated a wide-ranging project of repair and renovation. Glass chandeliers adorn the arched, ornately painted ceiling, upon which Le Brun depicted a series of 30 scenes glorifying the early years of the reign of Louis XIV. Versailles was the royal residence of France for little more than a century (from 1682 until 1789) when the French Revolution began. 2. This article was most recently revised and updated by. The League of Nations. Following the French Revolution, the complex was nearly destroyed. Louis XIII built a hunting lodge at the village of Versailles outside of Paris in 1624. Reservationists: A group of Senators, led by Henry Cabot Lodge, who opposed the Treaty of Versailles to end WWI, unless specific changes were included What was the date of the armistice (war's end)? Meaning of treaty of versailles. The north wing also contains galleries, salons, and apartments. It was first used on May 16, 1770, for the marriage of the dauphin (later Louis XVI) and Marie-Antoinette. Born on September 5, 1638, to King Louis XIII of France (1601-1643) and his Habsburg queen, Anne of Austria (1601-1666), the future Louis XIV was his parents’ first child after 23 years of marriage; in recognition of this apparent miracle, he was christened Louis-Dieudonné, meaning “gift of God.” A younger brother, Philippe (1640-1701), followed two years later. It was signed on June 28, 1919, by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles and went into effect on January 10, 1920. It is located in the department of Yvelines, in the region of Île-de-France, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) southwest of the centre of Paris. The Marble Court at the Palace of Versailles, France. The original residence was primarily a hunting lodge and private retreat for Louis XIII (reigned 1610–43) and his family. The history of Versailles is inextricably linked with the figure of Louis XIV. Versailles - a city in north central France near Paris; site of the Palace of Versailles that was built by Louis XIV in the 17th century. The town is the county seat of Ripley County. What does Versailles mean? That area underwent extensive remodeling in the post-Revolutionary period, and the ground floor is now dominated by the Hall of Congress, where the Chamber of Deputies met from 1876 to 1879. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Palace of Versailles was declared the official royal residence in 1682 and the official residence of the court of France on May 6, 1682, but it was abandoned after the death of Louis XIV in 1715. The gallery extends more than 230 feet (70 metres) and is characterized by 17 wide arcaded mirrors opposite 17 windows that overlook the gardens below. Perhaps his most-significant contribution to the palace was the creation of the Museum of French History, which was consecrated “to all the glories of France” in an inauguration on June 10, 1837, that marked the first celebration at Versailles since the Revolution. To the east of the palace is the Place d’Armes, a wide plaza that in the 21st century served mainly as a parking lot to accommodate the thousands of tourists who visited Versailles each day. Tourists in the Royal Court at the Palace of Versailles, France. The small structure became the base on which was constructed one of the most costly and extravagant buildings in the world. At the time of the palace’s construction, Venice had a monopoly on making mirrors. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Palace of Versailles is a royal château in Versailles, in the Île-de-France region of France. Louis XIII, who lived 1601-1643, bought up land, built a chateau and went on hunting trips. The ground floor of the central building was reserved for key members of the royal family. 1. UNESCO designated the palace and its gardens a World Heritage site in 1979. Its walls are preserved today as the exterior facade overlooking the Marble Court. Versailles, town and capital of Yvelines département, Île-de-France région, north-central France, 14 miles (22 km) southwest of Paris. While many of the 6,000 paintings and 3,000 sculptures held by the museum are not available for public viewing, a portion of those holdings are on display throughout the palace. 10/21/2020 Treaty of Versailles - Definition, Terms & WWI - HISTORY 1/5 The Treaty of Versailles, signed in June 1919 at the Palace of Versailles in Paris at the end of World War I, codified peace terms between the victorious Allies and Germany. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Palace-of-Versailles, LiveScience - Palace of Versailles: Facts and History, Official Site of Palace of Versailles, France, Khan Academy - Château de Versailles, France, Art Encyclopedia - Palace of Versailles, France, Palace of Versailles - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Although the location existed for centuries before the sovereign, Louis XIV developed a genuine liking for Versailles early on, and decided to extend it beyond the chateau that had grown out of the hunting lodge of brick and stone first built by his father. Flanking the Royal Court to the south is the Dufour Pavilion, while the Gabriel Pavilion lies to the north. In 1607, Louis XIII—the 6-year-old, soon-to-be-king—visited the area on a hunting trip with his father, King Henri IV. The Treaty of Versailles was the primary treaty produced by the Paris Peace Conference at the end of World War I. The History Of The Palace. The Treaty of Trianon, ending the war between the Allies and Hungary, was concluded on June 4, 1920, in the Cotelle Gallery in the Grand Trianon. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, which led to the start of the world conflagration.. However, land was given to the lords of the court, and new buildings sprang up, chiefly in the north quarter. In the centre of the Place d’Armes, facing the Avenue de Paris, is a bronze equestrian statue of Louis XIV. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. At Versailles, Le Vau showed his ability to deal with a building of imposing size. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. It housed the two chambers of the parliament until 1879, and during that period Versailles was the official capital of France. (2) The return of Alsace-Lorraine to France. Beyond the Royal Court is the Marble Court, so named for the distinctive black and white marble tiles that adorn the terrace floor. Palace of Versailles, former French royal residence and centre of government, now a national landmark. Palace of Versailles, former French royal residence and centre of government, now a national landmark. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Information and translations of treaty of versailles in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. In 1624 the king entrusted Jacques Lemercier with the construction of a château on the site. See definitions of versailles. The population was 2,113 at the 2010 census. Further additions were made during the reigns of Louis XV (1715–74) and Louis XVI (1774–92). Information and translations of Versailles in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. VERSAILLES Meaning: "slope." Dozens of marble busts, depicting Roman deities and emperors, adorn the facades overlooking the court, and the central buildings of the palace complex rise around it. It leads to the bedroom in which Louis XIV died and that Louis XV occupied from 1722 to 1738. Beyond that lies the broad expanse of the Court of Honour, bounded on the north and south by the Ministers’ Wings, outbuildings constructed in the 1680s to house the king’s secretaries of state. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It was begun by Hardouin-Mansart in 1699 and was his last important work. Most people chose this as the best definition of versailles: A city of north-central F... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. In the north wing, the palace chapel rises above the rest of the grounds. Louis XIII, the Sun King’s father, was at the forefront of establishing the royal base at Versailles, a forested marshland where the young King would go hunting alongside his father, Henry IV. With the exception of improvements to the Trianons, Napoleon largely neglected Versailles, and Louis XVIII and Charles X merely kept it up. As the centre of the French court, Versailles was one of the grandest theatres of European absolutism. Versailles / vərˈseɪlz / is a town in Johnson Township, Ripley County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The chapel on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles, France, built on two levels, by Robert de Cotte, 1710. Versailles (French pronunciation: [vɛʁsɑj] (listen)) is a city in the Yvelines département in the Île-de-France region, renowned worldwide for the Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The ceiling was painted by Antoine Coypel, 1708–09. Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation Château de Versailles Google Classroom Facebook Twitter Following on from the victory over the three united powers, depicted in the War Room, the whole length of the Hall of Mirrors (73m) pays tribute to the political, economic and artistic success of France. Versailles was seen as a glorious symbol of the absolute monarch, of France’s divinely ordained royal family, and of the state itself. Louis XIII built a hunting lodge there; made into a palace 17c. In 1722, however, it was returned to its status as royal residence. France's kings were first attracted to Versailles because of the area's prolific game. I… by Louis XIV. Dictionary entry overview: What does Versailles mean? Originally located at the apex of the Court of Honour, the statue was relocated to the Place d’Armes in 2009 after an extensive restoration. The town developed around the 17th-century Palace of Versailles, built by Louis XIV, the principal residence of the kings of … However, land was given to the lords of the court, and new buildings sprang up, chiefly in the north quarter. The Royal Gate, an elaborate gold leaf gate, separates the Court of Honour from the Royal Court at the location where the Louis XIV statue once stood. To combat this, … The Treaty of Versailles of 1919 was one of the peace treaties signed at the end of the First World War and officially ended it. The south wing was nicknamed “the princes’ wing,” as the princes du sang (“princes of the blood”) were given quarters there. The private apartments of the queen, Marie-Antoinette, and the living quarters of the captain of the guard are also found on the ground floor. Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was signed between the Allied Powers and Germany on June 28, 1919. On June 28, 1919, on the outskirts of Paris, European dignitaries crowded into the Palace of Versailles to sign one of history’s most hated treaties. The Versailles Treaty. (3) Cession of Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium, Memel to Lithuania, the Hultschin district to Czechoslovakia. To the west is the Gate of Honour, a gilded iron gate and stone balustrade that marks the main entrance to the palace complex. It traces the military history of France from the reign of Clovis I to Napoleon. See more. It is located in the city of Versailles, Yvelines département, Île-de-France région, northern France, 10 miles (16 km) west-southwest of Paris. The chapel was completed by de Cotte in 1710, and it hosted daily masses as well as royal weddings and baptisms until 1789. The hall is flanked on opposite ends by the equally striking Salon of Peace and Salon of War. 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