That same year, Congress passed the Mohegan Nation (Connecticut) Land Claim Settlement Act, which authorized the United States to take land into trust to establish a reservation for the Mohegan and settle their land claim. After migrating to Connecticut this group became today's Mohegan Tribe. Sometime around 1500, both tribes left this area and moved to the Thames River Valley in southeastern Connecticut. But oral history begins with creation, when the Great Spirit created the earth. In 1931, the Tantaquidgeon family built the Tantaquidgeon Indian Museum on Mohegan Hill to house tribal artifacts and histories. The Mohegan Indian Tribe was historically based in central southern Connecticut, originally part of the Pequot people. Before the seventeenth century, the Mohegan were part of the Pequot Tribe, which emerged among Algonquian peoples located in south central present New England. For the holiday season, the Mohegan tribe is offering a much-needed history lesson of indigenous people, a gripping drama of communal struggle against … The Mohegan homelands in Connecticut include landmarks such as Trading Cove on the Thames River, Cochegan Rock, Fort Shantok, and Mohegan Hill, where the Mohegan founded a Congregational church in the early 1800s. The Mohegan people have always had extensive knowledge of local flora and fauna, of hunting and fishing technologies, of seasonal adaptations, and of herbal medicine, as practices passed down through the generations. The Mohegan Tribe is governed by a constitution. Over time, the Mohegan gradually lost ownership of much of their tribal lands. The earliest clans of the Delaware Tribe included the Wolf clan, or Mohegans, who settled in upstate New York. Scientific evidence shows Native American presence in the area for 10,000 years. UNCASVILLE, CT (WFSB) – Yale New Haven Health, the Mohegan Tribe and Mohegan Sun have announced a new coronavirus testing site at the casino. Mohegan Name Meaning. The Mohegan Tribe is a sovereign, federally-recognized Indian tribe situated with a reservation in Southeastern Connecticut. In reward, the Colonists gave Pequot captives to the Mohegan tribe. [19] But, the Dutch colonist Adriaen Block, one of the first Europeans to record the names of both tribes, clearly distinguished between the "Morhicans" (now the Mohegans) and the "Mahicans, Mahikanders, Mohicans, [or] Maikens". Each story offers a glimpse into a way of seeing the world, a time in history, and the sacrifices Mohegans had to make to preserve the future of the Mohegan nation. [7][12], In 1990, the Fowler group, identifying as the Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut (MTIC), decided that the tribe's membership would be restricted to documented descendants from a single family group, ca. Mohegan Family History. In Mohegan tradition, the position of tribal leadership was often hereditary through the maternal line. The MTIC unsuccessfully attempted to stop other Mohegan people from using "Mohegan" as their tribal identity, in public records and in craftwork.[13]. The tribe included compiled genealogies and other records, including records pertaining to the Mohegan Congregational Church in Montville. [1] It is one of two federally recognized tribes in the state, the other being the Mashantucket Pequot whose reservation is in Ledyard, Connecticut. Fort Shantok, in Montville, Connecticut, was the site of the principal Mohegan settlement between 1636 to 1682 and the sacred ground of Uncas, one the most prominent and influential Mohegan leader and statesman of his era. Zobel is the tribe's historian and medicine woman. Pennsylvania Historical Commission Anthropological Papers #3 (p. 69, 128), Fidelia "Flying Bird" A. Hoscott Fielding, Stockbridge Munsee Band of Mohican Indians, author of several books on Mohegan culture, The Mohegan Tribe: Heritage - Our Traditions and Symbols, "Mohegan Event Timeline, 1933 to present", "Running Against Time - Medicine Woman Preserves Mohegan Culture", "The Mohegan Tribe Celebrates Re-Opening of Tantaquidgeon Museum", "Passings: John E. Hamilton; Indian Activist", "Contemporary History of Mohegan, 1933-2002", Associated Press, "Gladys Tantaquidgeon, Mohegans' Medicine Woman, Is Dead at 106", "Final Determination that the Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut Does Exist as an Indian Tribe", Faith Damon Davison, A Poor Little Village, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mohegan&oldid=979665632, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mohegan Nation (Connecticut) Land Claim Settlement Act of 1994, This page was last edited on 22 September 2020, at 01:58. 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